Screening is done before project in order to identify the potential environmental and social impacts the project may bring about. The Screening process is important to prevent the potential hazards, by opting for other than the proposed methods if necessary. The screening involves the consideration of pollutants emitted, of biodiversity harmed, waste disposal and even the health and safety impacts. But while screening is necessary to see that there is no flaw in the environmental concerns of any project, screening verification is also important to see that there is no flaw in the screening report itself. So what are included in the screening verification report?
The Screening Verification Report includes the Environmental Screening Verification and the Social Screening Verification. The environmental screening verification first verifies the baseline, that is, whether the screening report include the basic surrounding environment like the location and land use, river, water body, forest, community forest, protected area and buffer zone. It also verifies if the impacts pertaining to solid, liquid, waste and gaseous emission, air, water, soil, noise pollution, storage or disposal of wastes and health and safety impacts are included in the screening report or not. Finally, it includes the subproject categorization and recommendation of the safeguard document to be prepared during Detailed Design (DD).
The Social Screening Verification also includes the same issues as that of the Environmental Screening Verification, the baseline, impacts and categorization and recommendation. The Baseline checks if the screening report has outlined the presence of nearby and vulnerable community. The impacts are measured on the basis of displacement, involuntary land acquisition and population impacted.